WASHINGTON (AP) — Lawmakers are going another round in their fight to get a posthumous presidential pardon for the world’s first black heavyweight champion, who was imprisoned nearly a century ago because of his romantic ties with a white woman.
New York Rep. Peter King and Arizona Sen. John McCain, both Republicans, plan to reintroduce a congressional resolution urging a pardon for boxer Jack Johnson. Another supporter, Democratic congressman Charles Rangel, said he will talk to President Barack Obama’s new chief of staff, William Daley, and Attorney General Eric Holder about the cause.
“It’s an injustice that shouldn’t fall through the cracks, and it looks like that’s exactly what happened here,” Rangel said.
Johnson became the first black heavyweight champion a century before Obama was elected the nation’s first black president. The boxer’s flamboyant lifestyle and his relationships with white women inflamed white sensibilities. Racial resentment boiled over after he defeated a white boxer in the “Fight of the Century” 100 years ago last summer. Three years later, Johnson was convicted of violating the Mann Act, which made it illegal to transport women across state lines for immoral purposes.
One of Johnson’s great-great nieces, Linda Haywood of Chicago, is writing to Obama about the case.
“I think having a letter from a family member will help put a face on our plea,” Haywood said. “Many people didn’t realize he had nieces and nephews. For years, the rest of my family was so ashamed, no one ever spoke of him because of the stigma attached to him being in prison.”
King said he was surprised that Obama didn’t act during the last session of Congress, when the House and Senate passed the resolution. But the congressman said he’s still optimistic.
“With last year’s elections, there seems to be a clear intent by the president to try to be more bipartisan,” King said. “Everything is there to correct an historic wrong and also, in a small but significant way, help to bring the country together now.”
The White House declined to discuss the request for Johnson, citing a policy of not commenting on how pardon candidates are chosen. Obama, a former constitutional law professor who once taught a class on racism and the law, has not spoken publicly of the Johnson effort, but the Justice Department has come out against it.
In a letter to King and McCain at the end of 2009, the Justice Department attorney who advises on pardons argued that resources for such requests are best used for those still alive “who can truly benefit” from them. That notwithstanding, he noted, Obama certainly could pardon whomever he wishes.
Last year, Obama pardoned nine people convicted of crimes including possessing drugs, counterfeiting and even mutilating coins. None was well-known.
Johnson won the world championship on Dec. 26, 1908. Police in Australia stopped Johnson’s fight against the severely battered Canadian world champion, Tommy Burns, in the 14th-round, leading to a search for a “Great White Hope” who could beat Johnson.
Two years later, Jim Jeffries, the American world titleholder Johnson had tried to fight for years, came out of retirement to challenge Johnson for the championship in a 45-round “Fight of the Century.” They squared off on a scorching Independence Day in Reno, Nevada, at a stadium that had been quickly constructed for the match. Johnson won, but deadly race riots ensued, as angry whites took out their frustrations on blacks, especially those who had celebrated Johnson’s victory.
Geoffrey C. Ward, who wrote a biography of Johnson, said he’s still hopeful Obama will grant the pardon.
“In recent years, we’ve been very good about admitting past wrongs,” said Ward. “I don’t see what harm it does to do this.”
Copyright 2011 The Associated Press.