5 game-changing Supreme Court cases to watch that could challenge Black people’s rights for years to come

Everything from guns to abortion rights is up for debate in front of America's highest court this fall.

Several cases are going in front of the Supreme Court this fall and the results could help-- or hurt-- the Black community for years to come.

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This week the Supreme Court went back into session, kicking off what’s expected to be one of the most divisive and controversial terms in recent history. Everything from guns to abortion rights is on the docket, and America will get to see the impact of the addition of Trump-appointee Brett Kavanaugh.

Although judges are expected to be politically impartial, Kavanaugh’s contentious confirmation hearing after being accused of sexual assault, left him charging Democrats with unfairly going after his character.

READ MORE: Kamala Harris and Cory Booker blast Comcast in $20B Byron Allen civil rights lawsuit

Now, some experts are bracing for a possible “conservative revolution,” after the court overturned two precedents (a highly unusual move) last term, and President Donald Trump has successfully appointed 150 judges to lifetime seats on the bench (whoever told said your vote didn’t matter, lied.)

These are just five of the most-watched cases the highest court in the land will decide on in the months to come. The stakes couldn’t be higher for each, and they will draw out fierce arguments on both sides.

The case for protecting racial discrimination claims…

Cable TV giant Comcast is going head-to-head with the National Association of African-American Owned Media, over a claim that Comcast declined to do business with a Black-owned company, Entertainment Studios, due to race.

What makes this battle so important, is that Comcast has taken aim at Section 1981 of the Civil Rights Act of 1866, meant to protect minorities from racial discrimination.

The cable company wants anyone using the law to prove “but-for” causation– meaning that they wouldn’t have been discriminated against “but for” their race.

Considering that many instances of discrimination aren’t that explicit, the interpretation puts a huge burden on plaintiffs to prove their case. It’s a way to kill the protection from discrimination, and conservative Supreme Court Justices may be all for it…

People snap selfies while waiting in line outside the U.S. Supreme Court building for the chance to attend arguments at the start of the court’s new term October 07, 2019 in Washington, DC.. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

The case for protecting LGBTQ people at work…

Three employment cases are headed to the Supreme Court, and all involve members of the LGBTQ community.

READ MORE: Attorney Benjamin Crump says it’s ‘open season’ on Black people’s civil rights

Two men say they were fired for being gay, and one person was fired after transitioning from male to female.

Now the court must decide whether the protection from “sex” discrimination via Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, applies to sexual orientation.

The case for changing the definition of gun rights…

The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association is suing New York City because its members were restricted from taking guns outside of their homes, despite having licenses.

bump stock thegrio.com

A bump stock device that fits on a semi-automatic rifle to increase the firing speed, making it similar to a fully automatic rifle, is shown here at a gun store on October 5, 2017, in Salt Lake City, Utah. Congress is talking about banning this device after it was reported to of been used in the Las Vegas shootings on October 1, 2017. (Photo by George Frey/Getty Images)

The court will determine if this regulation undermines the right to bear arms or if the limitation is reasonable.

In an era where mass shootings in America outnumber the days of the year, lobbyists and citizens alike will closely watch the outcome.

The case for keeping open- or shutting down- abortion clinics…

June Medical Services v. Gee is a case coming out of Louisiana which would determine whether strict laws that require extreme licensing for abortion doctors, are just another way to deny the constitutional right to abortion.

It’s very similar to another 2016 case Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt, in which justices struck down a law that made it nearly impossible for abortion clinics in Texas to stay open.

Rep. Merika Coleman speaks during a rally against HB314, the near-total ban on the abortion bill, outside of the Alabama State House in Montgomery, Ala., on Tuesday, May 14, 2019. (Mickey Welsh/The Montgomery Advertiser via AP)

But with a very different Supreme Court under Trump, the addition of Justices Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh giving conservatives an edge, the outcome of this case could be different- and essentially another way to shut down Roe V. Wade.

The case for suing federal law enforcement…

While the Black community may not instantly come to mind on the issue of border patrol, one Supreme Court case creates an interesting intersection for multiple communities.

READ MORE: A brief history of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and how it is still used

In 2010, an American Border Patrol agent shot and killed an unarmed 15-year-old Mexican boy playing near the American border.

A U.S. Border Patrol agent thegrio.com

A U.S. Border Patrol agent patrols Sunland Park along the U.S.-Mexico border next to Ciudad Juarez. A 7-year-old girl who had crossed the U.S.-Mexico border with her father died after being taken into the custody of the U.S. Border Patrol, federal immigration authorities confirmed Thursday, Dec. 13. (AP Photo/Russell Contreras, File)

At the heart of the case, is that the federal agent, Jesus Mesa, Jr., shot across the border at the boy. The U.S. declined to prosecute Mesa or let him go to Mexico where he has been charged with murder, so the boy’s parents took the case to civil court.

But the 1988 Westfall Act protects federal officers from liability under state common law. That act came shortly after a Brooklyn man sued narcotics officers for ransacking his home in a false arrest in 1965.

Whatever the court decides will have huge implications in the space of litigating police brutality.

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